The rule of the'ABCDE assessment in adults

you Know that l’self-observation is a’action is essential to prevent the common skin discolorations that we call in they can follow developments for atypical? can you identify which are potentially dangerous? Do you know what’is the alarm bell in the control of our epidermis? the rule of The A-B-C-D-E is a simple, quick, and easy to remember to do a kind of self preliminary diagnosis, and to recognize if a mole is suspicious.

The 5 letters of the’the alphabet represent the initials of the features of the neo that we need to observe:

  • A: Asymmetry in shape;
  • B: irregular Borders; and
  • C: Color variable;
  • D: Sizes above 5mm.
  • E: Evolution-changes in the time of the nevus, and bleeding.
  • The in, or, as they are called, in scientific terms, nevi, are spots that arise on the skin when melanocytes, the particular epithelial cells that produce the pigment responsible for the color of the skin, they accumulate, forming a small mass along with the surrounding tissue. The usually are pink, light brown, dark brown or the same color of the skin, can be flat or slightly raised. Normally are round or oval, the maximum diameter of a pencil. Many in which, at the time of their appearance are small and dishes, over time, can grow larger and become raised. With the passing of the years, can, however, sometimes, again, flatten, fade and/or disappear.

    moles are very common, most people has from ten to forty.

    In the smaller the change in moles is inevitable and, therefore, more common in adults, for this the rule of the’ABCDE no one can be exact in absolute terms. For a further discussion we have already discussed in our article how to recognize the in the dangerous in children.

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    About the 10 percent of people have at least a new, unusual, or atypical, with a different appearance from the others: dermatologists define them in the “dysplastic”).

    in dysplastic have a greater risk, compared to normal , turn into a particular form of skin cancer called melanoma, for this reason it is essential to have them inspected regularly by a specialist in dermatology.

    melanoma is caused when the melanocytes undergo a mutation and begin to proliferate in a disorderly way, without control.

    melanoma can originate from a preexisting mole, or arise on an area of loose skin.

    Despite all the beneficial effects of the sun: from the production of vitamins to look “tanned” which makes us look beautiful and healthy, the sun, on a genetic basis, and family, the main responsible for the appearance of moles, as well as the burns the cause of skin cancers, especially in 1st and 2nd decade of life. For these reasons, l’application of a good sunscreen during the’exposure to the sun is essential, additionally it is recommendable not to expose yourself to the sun in the hottest hours without protecting themselves with hats, or tissue shielding. It is also very important to avoid sunburn, especially at a young age.

    excessive exposure to the sun, in addition to being the most important factor of ageing of the skin, favors the appearance of other skin tumours, such as carcinomas, and basal cell and spinocellulari particularly frequent among people who have spent years and years under the sun, such as farmers and fishermen.
    skin types more clear are the most affected by the risks of the sun, but also people, typically mediterranean, with hair and dark skin, are not immune and must still protect you.

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    The self-examination of the in should be especially careful during periods of hormonal change, for example, during adolescence, pregnancy and the menopause, because if the hormone levels are changing, with also the in the may change.

    If you have doubts about the’appearance of a mole have undergone the supervision of a dermatologist after a visit to the naked eye or with a lens, d’magnification, or through l’epiluminescence, a diagnostic technique is a non-invasive method that allows you to view the internal structures and l’organization of architectural typical of every pigmented lesion, it will tell you if the neo must be kept under control or removed, to locate any cancer cells.

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